International Heraldry

Livro do Armeiro-Mor

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Livro do Armeiro-Mor is an illuminated manuscript dated 1509, created during the reign of King Manuel I, fourteenth king of Portugal. The codex is an armorial designed by João do Cró, Rei de Armas (John Cro, King of Arms). It is considered one of the masterpieces of illuminated manuscripts preserved in Portugal.

The secular rulers wear armour and tabards bearing their arms, and have helms on their shields. The bishops also wear armour (under their episcopal copes) but use mitres in the place of crests on top of their shields.

You can clearly see the ties holding the armour in place.


French Arms


Count of Toulouse


Conde de Toulosa

Livro do Armeiro-Mor, folio 41














Bishop of Noyon, Count


bispo de Noyon , conde

Livro do Armeiro-Mor, folio 40v

Quarterly, 1 and 4 Azure, a castle of three towers Or a label of three points argent. 2 and 3: Gules, three hands apaumy argent.


Count of Champagne


Conde de Chanpanha


Livro do Armeiro-Mor, folio 40


Azure, a bend argent doubly cotised each cotise potenty to the inner edge interlaced Or.


Archbishop of Langre, Duke


Arceb(is)po de Langre, duque


Livro do Armeiro-Mor, folio 39v


Azure, two mullets of six and a lion passant coward Or.


Duke of Normandy


duq (duque) de Normandia


Livro do Armeiro-Mor, folio 39.


Gules, two lions passant guardant Or.


Archbishop of Lam, Duke


Arceb(is)po de Lam , duque


Livro do Armeiro-Mor, folio 38v


Azure, a cross argent between four fleur-de-lys Or.


Count of Flanders


Conde de Frandes


Livro do Armeiro-Mor, folio 38.


Or, a lion rampant sable.


Bishop (& Count) of Châlons


bpo (bispo) de Chalon , conde


Livro do Armeiro-Mor, folio 37v


Azure, three crosses bottony fitchy Or a bordure engrailed gules.





Duke of Aquitaine


Ducque de Guiana


Livro do Armeiro-Mor, folio 37


Gules, a lion passant guardant Or.


Bishop of Beauvais, Count


bpo (bispo) de Beauvois , conde


Livro do Armeiro-Mor, folio 36v


Vairy paly Or and gules on a chief Or an eagle displayed [also Or ???].


Duke of Burgundy


Duq (duque) de Borgonia


Livro do Armeiro-Mor, folio 36.


Bendy of six pieces Or and azure a bordure gules.


The Archbishop
(Duke) of Reims

... anointing the French king during his consecration.


Arceb(is)po de Reins , duque


Livro do Armeiro-Mor, folio 35v


King Louis XII of France


Rey de França

Livro do Armeiro-Mor, folio 8v.













































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